COM Weltschau in Rosmalen
Bronzemedaille mit Kollektion Braun gelb mosaik
Bronzemedaille Braun gelb intensiv
67. DKB-Meisterschaften in Bad Salzuflen
Championkollektion und Farbensieger mit „Phaeo weiß“ 375 Punkte
Championvogel und Farbensieger Einzel „Phaeo weiß“ 92 Punkte
Deutscher Meister „Phaeo gelb“ 371 Punkte
Deutscher Meister „Braun gelb mosaik“ 365 Punkte
|report about phaeo|
Our Passion "Phaeos"
Demand for information about Phaeo canaries has steadily been growing for a long time. You might have read a lot about them, but have not seen genuine ones? Then take a look at our report, and if you want to learn more about these fascinating birds, you are welcome to visit us, the Hintermayer family in Kraichtal, southwest of Germany.
We started breeding with five females and three cocks in 1995. Eighteen canaries hatched out: 75 percent brown ones and 25 percent Phaeos. All were of such exceptional quality and beauty that we decided to exhibit them the same year. Our brown Canaries won the German Championship - the very first title that we could achieve with our birds. Then, it was still possible to exhibit birds carrying yellow.
Today our breeding stock, divided into polygamous and monogamous breeding, has risen up to 15 Phaeo- and hens carrying yellow. The outcome is about 80 Phaeos additionaly 30 to 40 birds carrying brown split in phaeo. We are specialised in yellow Phaeos, but breed also canaries of the following colours: brown, yellow, mosaic, topaz, and, agate. We had the opportunity to gain some experience with canaries being yellow, white recessive, brown, or opal.
To provide a broader spectrum for our local bird breeders association's exhibition, we also keep and breed red-faced finches, three-coloured parrotfinches, yellow-fronted canaries and siskins.
Our breeding room measures about 15 m², which is not very big, but convenient. It is equipped with Graf-Boxes (80 x 40 x 40 cm) for 32 couples altogether. Furthermore there is an aviary in the rear of the room. A radiator provides the appropriate room temperature during the breeding period. The ionizer fixed at the ceiling cleans the air from dust particles. A humidifier operates the humidity to improve the air quality.
With ild newspapers spread in the drawers and boxes, the aviary permits a fast and efficient cleaning. Special sand is used as covering. There is, of course, plenty of grit for our birds throughout the year.
Breeding: Preparatory Stage
We do not only employ young birds, but also birds that are up to four years of age old as older birds usually show particularly positive and distinct "parent qualities". Males may support the females constructing them and help with breeding, a decisive factor of utmost importance. Birds that are too old to be employed in further breeding can "retire" in a special aviary, our "home for the aged". Yet, depending on their genetic disposition, we might reactivate even older 'retired' birds for breeding, if they show the genetic properties we are looking for.
The "phaeodrawing" (flaking) is the most prominent feature of these birds. This flaking should start at the pecker-root and run from the head to the back and down the bottom side of the wings. The melanin should suffuse the entire body of the bird and it is primarily visible in female birds. Contrary to what is the case with other colours/birds it is easy to distinguish hens from cocks. Cocks have a mask - that should be as small as possible - but the brown colour of feathering is more intensive. The red colour of the eyes is a very typical feature; beak, legs and nicks are flesh-coloured.
In the beginning a certain degree of disharmony might prevail among the birds. This is a perfectly natural feature. Separating the birds for a few day usually helps to calm the situation.
The first three eggs we immediately replace with plastic eggs to guarantee a simultaneous hatching of the entire clutch. A reversal of this process takes place when the fourth egg has been laid: We remove the plastic eggs and put back the proper eggs. A special lamp helps to establish whether the eggs are inseminated or not (characteristic criterion: red dot = arteries). After 13 days of breeding by the female, the young birds should hatch.
The same day the hatching took place it is possible to distinguish the Phaeos from birds carrying yellow: a Phaeo's skin is fairer, the eyes are red. Although the eyes are still closed at this date, one can realise the colour through the eyelid. We control the nests once a day.
Some four weeks later, the squabs will be independent enough to live on their own. We separate them from their parents and transfer them to a bigger cage of about 1.50 x 40 cm x 40 cm, where we keep watching them for another fortnight. Only when we are convinced that they will be able to manage we will transfer them to our spacious aviaries. There they get educated by an aged bird who teaches them where to find water and feed.
In order to treat the birds with care, we do not permit a hen to breed more than two breeds. Additionally the space, which is at our disposal is restricted to 100 - 150 beringed birds. Ever since we have started to engage in birds breeding, this number of birds has been sufficient for our supply of really beautiful show birds.
- Public City Championchips of Kraichtal in Unteröwisheim
Meanwhile there are a lot of "Phaeo enthusiasts" in Germany who breed and exhibit these birds. At the recent AZ-Bundesschau, for instance, 31 Phaeos were exhibited, at the German Mastership in Bad Salzuflen 7 collections and 15 single birds - a strong upward trend according to our experience. Although breeding Phaeos is in no way more difficult and does not require more skills than breeding other kind of colors, many breeders' patience seems to be limited. As we have explained above, when one starts breeding Phaeos, the outcome very often results more in birds carrying yellow than in Phaeos. At this stage it is rather difficult to select a promising collection, as they are still split in cock and hen. Yet, every breeder specialised in mosaics is acquainted with this minor 'problem'. We also noticed that many Phaeos lack the fat colour or the melanin is more or less blurred. Or the typical Phaeo-melanin fades away when breeding Phaeo and Phaeo for years. Another source of problems with Phaeo breeding is, that many bird enthusiasts buy birds from various breeders which basically is not wrong but poses some difficulties in following the proper line, which is impossible to accomplish within one year. However, in the meantime there are not a few breeders who, just as we successfully did, started with a few couples. And we wish you many moments with eyes shining with joy with these noble colour canaries.
We would be pleased if our little field report and the photographs added to it, will draw your attention to and rise your interest in Phaeo canaries, the colour that is our passion. If you want to learn and see more, just drop in and have a look at our aviaries and breeding station. You are most welcome!